The BKWAC area comprises all the inhabitant villages outside the Sixth Schedule areas of Assam. The Boro is a part of the greater Bodo-Kachari family of ethnolinguistic groups and they are spread across North Eastern India and they live on the both the banks of river Brahmaputra from its headwaters in Tinsukia district to Dhubri district. The Bodo Kachari Welfare Autonomous Council spread over Twenty (20) districts of Assam, namely – Dhemaji, Lakhimpur, Darrang, Nalbari, Barpeta, Bongaigaon, Dhubri, Goalpara, Kamrup (R), Kamrup (M), Morigaon, Nagaon, Hojai, Golaghat, Charaideo, Dibrugarh, Tinsukia, Cachar, Hailakhandi and Karimganj district. The BKWAC stretches along the axes one major river of upper, middle and lower Assam – the Brahmaputra. There are large numbers of other small rivers, rivulets and water-bodies criss-crossing the BKWAC area.

Flood and fluvial erosion continue to be the main problem of the BKWAC area and therefore, together with the State Water Resources department, BKWAC must strive hard to find a sustainable solution and devise means of livelihood that can go along well in such situation and such flood terrain.